Discrimination against the disabled continues

Wisconsin Watch describes the continuing delays and denials by the Department in approving PUA benefits for SSDI recipients.

In this article, the delays that now stretch on for months as well as denials are described in detail.

WPR and Wisconsin Watch spoke to nine disability recipients who applied for PUA months ago. DWD as of Tuesday had yet to deliver on eight of their claims. But Wickman [the only one of the nine to receive any benefits] on Tuesday [that is, yesterday] woke up to six months of backpay in her bank account, following a four-month wait — capped by two weeks of lengthy phone calls, technology glitches and 32 emails to agency administrators.

The article does a good job describing the delays and denials the disabled are continuing to experience.

But, the article seems to accept at face value the explanations put forward by the Department for why these delays and denials are not really its fault.

The agency employs 1970s-era technology to process unemployment insurance claims, and PUA claims are particularly taxing on an already backlogged system, [DWD spokesman Ben Jedd] said.

“The payment of PUA is extremely manual and depends on qualifying for the program, addressing any associated eligibility issues, and how quickly that person files weekly claims after their PUA (qualification) is established,” Jedd wrote in an email.

* * *

Jedd said his agency will prioritize claims from SSDI recipients who were already denied regular unemployment aid. But the agency does not track how many PUA claims it has processed from people on disability.

DWD can’t just rubberstamp those claims, Jedd added. Staffers must ensure applicants meet a range of eligibility requirements. But that human review is not foolproof, applicants say.

REALLY? Mistakes being made because the system is not foolproof is an acceptable explanation?

Let’s look at one of the claimants featured in the article: Duane Adams. He applied for regular unemployment benefits and was denied because he receives SSDI benefits. He applied for PUA benefits, and nothing happened with that application for months.

Then, on July 27th, the Department gets word that it can now pay out PUA benefits to the disabled. Mr. Adams even received a form letter from Sec. Frostman apologizing for the delay and encouraging him to apply for PUA benefits if he had not already done so.

But, that same week, Mr. Adams also received an initial determination denying his claim for PUA benefits, explaining:

The claimant has not exhausted all unemployment insurance, pandemic, emergency unemployment compensation, and extended benefits payable for the benefit year ending 05/02/2020.

In other words, according to the Department Mr. Adams cannot receive PUA benefits until he has received all of the regular unemployment benefits he cannot under state law actually receive. Huh? According to the Department, Mr. Adams is NOT eligible for regular unemployment benefits in the first place because of his disability. How can he be expected to exhaust regular unemployment benefits that he cannot legally receive? This denial makes absolutely no sense. Legally, it is idiotic.

So, previously the Department was discriminating against the disabled. Now, the Department is making idiotic decisions in still denying their claims.

And, Mr. Adams is not alone. Other disabled folks are being denied their PUA claims for the same reason — failing to exhaust their regular unemployment benefits — or because they do not have a Covid-19 related reason for their layoff despite losing work because of the pandemic.

So, as the article makes clear, the Department is NOT following through on what happened on July 27th: the disabled are NOT receiving PUA benefits even after the policy that denied those claims has changed. De jure discrimination may no longer be Department policy, but de facto discrimination continues.

As evident in the article, reporters should NOT be accepting claims about the process not being fool-proof while also not wanting to “rubber-stamp” claims in light of a heavy workload. The “carefulness” being claimed by the Department is in reality a defense of idiocy. And, when confronted by idiotic decision-making, most people conclude the idiocy is hiding something more sinister. In this case, the idiocy is emblematic of continued hostility towards the disabled.

If there is some other viable explanation for continuing to deny claims for idiotic reasons other than discrimination, then the Department needs to be pushed to provide that explanation. As it stands now, the only viable explanation is continued discrimination against the disabled.

Putting the disabled in a catch-22 is exactly the kind of double-standard that has been the earmark of discrimination for centuries. All of us should know better by now to push back almost immediately against such double-standards.

And, certainly Wisconsin should not be continuing with this discrimination against the disabled. That this discrimination is continuing is the story.

The executive order for an additional $300/$400 PUC is not a good idea

Yesterday, the current president issued four executive orders, one of which has to deal with unemployment benefits.

A law prof, David Super, has more information on the unemployment executive order than probably anyone wants to read.

Here is the substance of the order:

The President directs FEMA to create a new program using $44 billion in Disaster Relief Funds that would allow states to send an additional $400 per week to people receiving UC, PUA, or other public unemployment benefits. To participate in this program, states — which already face $555 billion in budget shortfalls as well as demands to help struggling local governments — would have to pay one-quarter of benefit costs as well as, apparently, the full administrative cost. The President arbitrarily disqualifies the poorest of the unemployed: those receiving less than $100 per week in regular benefits. Once the program has spent the $44 billion, it would shut down.

Prof. Super then runs through all the problems in this proposal. The biggest problem:

Last, and certainly not least, the President’s actions are unlawful. The Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act does provide for spending Disaster Relief Fund to pay “Disaster Unemployment Assistance” (DUA). That section, however, comes with two conditions that the President’s program violates. First, FEMA may only provide DUA to those who are not eligible for any other form of unemployment compensation. The President’s program, by contrast, is limited to those who are receiving other unemployment benefits. And second, the statute caps DUA benefits at the amount that state UC programs would allow. The whole point of the President’s program is to pay $400 per week more than those (inadequate) benefits. Thus, DUA would probably be a plausible means of replacing PUA should it expire at the end of the year (if any funds remain) but it cannot replace FPUC.

This executive order is likely going to make it harder now and in the future to address economic disasters. “Weaponizing the Disaster Relief Fund in a political struggle with Congress all but assures that similar funds will not be appropriated in the future — with the result of slower disaster responses and more unnecessary hardship,” concludes Prof. Super. Sigh. He’s right.

Update (10 Aug.. 2020): Added a featured image, in light of this press release from NELP on the unemployment executive order:

For Immediate Release: August 8, 2020
National Employment Law Project
Contact: Amy Lebowitz, amy.lebowitz@berlinrosen.com

Following Insufficient Memorandum, NELP Urges Administration to Get Serious About the $600 Lifeline and Comprehensive Unemployment Fixes

Following is a statement from Rebecca Dixon, executive director of the National Employment Law Project:

“Today, the President signed a memorandum claiming to allow states to add $400 to existing unemployment benefits. This is an empty promise to unemployed people. What we had was working for millions of people and supporting our struggling economy – and the support needed to be expanded to cover all unemployed workers. What workers need is for the President to call for legislation that will continue the $600 Federal Pandemic Unemployment Compensations (FPUC) benefits as well as the other federal funds to serve as a lifeline inclusive of all workers, their families, and their communities. This is particularly true for underpaid Black, Latinx, and Indigenous workers, most of all women, who don’t have wealth or savings to cover the basics, much less emergency expenses. And this will harm Black workers who disproportionately live in states with the lowest UI benefit levels..

“NELP also urges the Administration and Congress to, in addition to these essential unemployment benefits, create a relief package that will provide support inclusive of all workers excluded in previous bills, namely immigrants and their families regardless of status. Throughout this crisis people have counted on the essential labor of all workers including undocumented people – exclusion of any worker from the benefits they need to survive is inexcusable.

“First and most importantly, states cannot use their current Unemployment Insurance infrastructure to pay a benefit that is not authorized by Congress. The language in the memorandum says that these benefits must be paid “in conjunction with the State’s unemployment insurance system” which means that states will have to set up a new way to add these payments to existing benefits. As we know, states have been straining under the weight of the surge of applications, setting up a whole new Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) program, battling an international fraud ring, and dealing with ever increasing directives from the Employment and Training Administration and the Office of Inspector General. Setting up a new system entirely will be difficult, if not impossible.

“Second, in order to be able to pay the benefit, states would have to partially match the federal funds with state allocations that have largely already been spent, according to an analysis by the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. Indeed, the EO would require many states to go further into debt in order to pay and administer their share of the limited $400 benefit. And at a time when states are in desperate need for federal state and local aid.

“This new $44 billion allocation of federal funding from the Disaster Relief Fund will not go far. Between its inception and August 1, FPUC has paid out nearly $247 billion. Even with a reduced federal cost of $300 per claimant per week, this amount will be exhausted within a few weeks of states even getting a system up and running to pay it.

“Given a finite pool of funds and administrative hurdles to get the benefit running, this will further exacerbate the inequality between states. States that have the most sophisticated systems may be able to stand up this program eventually, but those states that have been faltering due to decades of neglect or outright sabotage will be less likely to see any of this money. As NELP has repeatedly pointed out, the states with the most unstable and impenetrable systems also tend to be states with the highest populations of Black and Latinx workers, as the charts below demonstrate.

“In addition to being impossible to administer, simply adding $400 at this point ignores the need for important corrections to the underlying program. There are a number of technical fixes that Congress must implement immediately just to maintain smooth administration of benefits that workers have waited so long to get. Preserving access and eligibility will depend on a more comprehensive legislative fix.

“This is not a serious approach to solving a very serious problem. We urge the Administration to get back to real negotiations with Congress on a comprehensive and operable approach that will ensure people have the resources they need to survive for the duration of this crisis.”


In other words, trying to fix things with duct tape does not actually work.